Terminology you may find in a Safety Product's Description:
The NFPA is the general source for National Fire Codes and Regulations. The world's leading advocate of fire prevention and an authoritative source on public safety, NFPA develops, publishes, and disseminates more than 300 consensus codes and standards intended to minimize the possibility and effects of fire and other risks.
Additional Fire code regulations often vary by state, county and city, so the best way to ensure compliance is to contact your local Fire Marshal (or Fire Department). In many areas, the fire marshal is responsible for enforcing laws concerning flammable materials.
For general fire safety in businesses, there are several well known badges of approval applied to products that have been tested and meet certain safety levels. FM Approval is designated by a third party testing agency called Factory Mutual Research Corporation. The certification process assures customers a product has been objectively tested and conforms to the highest international standards and most national standards. UL Approval is designated by a third party testing agency. UL stands for Underwriters Laboratories. When something is UL-listed that means that the UL has tested the device and it meets their requirements for safety such as for fire or shock hazard. ULC Approval is designated by a third party testing agency. ULC is the Underwriters Laboratories of Canada. When something is ULC-listed that means that the ULC has tested the device and it meets their requirements for safety such as for fire or shock hazard.
OSHA 29 CFR 1910.106(e)(2)(ii)(b):
Incidental storage or use of flammable and combustible liquids.
(b) The quantity of liquid that may be located outside of an inside storage room or storage cabinet in a building or in any one fire area of a building shall not exceed:
OSHA 29 CFR 1910.106(d)(3)(i&ii):
Design construction and capacity of storage cabinets -(i) Maximum capacity. Not more than 60 gallons of Class l or Class ll liquids nor more than 120 gallons of Class lll liquids may be stored in a storage cabinet.
(ii) Fire resistance. Storage cabinets shall be designed and constructed to limit the internal temperature to not more than 325°F. when subjected to a 10-minute fire test using the standard time-temperature curve as set forth in Standard Methods of Fire Tests of Building Construction and Materials NFPA 251-1969. All joints and seams shall remain tight and the door shall remain securely closed during the fire test. Cabinets shall be labeled in conspicuous lettering "Flammable - Keep Fire Away."(a) Metal cabinets constructed in the following manner shall be deemed to be in compliance. The bottom top door and sides of cabinet shall be at least No. 18 gauge sheet iron and double walled with 1 1/2" air space. Joints shall be riveted welded or made tight by some equally effective means. The door shall be provided with a three-point lock and the door sill shall be raised at least 2" above the bottom of the cabinet.
(ii)(b) Wooden cabinets constructed in the following manner shall be deemed in compliance. The bottom sides and top shall be constructed of an approved grade of plywood at least 1 inch in thickness which shall not break down or delaminate under fire conditions. All joints shall be rabbetted and shall be fastened in two directions with flathead woodscrews. When more than one door is used there shall be a rabbetted overlap of not less than 1 inch. Hinges shall be mounted in such a manner as not to lose their holding capacity due to loosening or burning out of the screws when subjected to the fire test.
International Fire Code*:
3404.3.2 Liquid storage cabinets. Where other sections of this code require that liquid containers be stored in storage cabinets such cabinets and storage shall be in accordance with Sections 3404.3.2.1 through 3404.3.2.3.
3404.3.2.1.1 Materials. Cabinets shall be listed in accordance with UL 1275 or constructed of approved wood or
metal in accordance with the following:
1. Unlisted metal cabinets shall be constructed of steel having a thickness of not less than 0.044 inch (1.12 mm) (18 gage). The cabinet including the door shall be double walled with 1-1/2 inch (38 mm) airspace between the walls. Joints shall be riveted or welded and shall be tight fitting.
3404.3.2.1.2 Labeling. Cabinets shall be provided with a conspicuous label in red letters on contrasting background
FLAMMABLEKEEP FIRE AWAY.
3404.3.2.1.3 Doors. Doors shall be well fitted self-closing and equipped with a three-point latch.
3404.3.2.1.4 Bottom. The bottom of the cabinet shall be liquid tight to a height of at least 2 inches (51 mm).
NFPA 1 The Uniform Fire Code 2006 Edition**:
22.214.171.124 Hazardous Materials Storage Cabinets.
(d.) Doors shall be well fitted self-closing and equipped with a self-latching device.
NFPA Code 30 2008 Edition***:
9.5.1 The volume of Class I Class II and Class IIIA liquids stored in an individual storage cabinet shall not exceed 120 gal (460 L).
9.5.2 The total aggregate volume of Class I Class II and Class IIIA liquids in a group of storage cabinets shall not exceed the maximum allowable quantity of flammable and combustible liquids per control area based on the occupancy where the cabinets are located.
9.5.4 Storage cabinets shall not be required by this code to be ventilated for fire protection purposes.
126.96.36.199 If not ventilated storage cabinet vent openings shall be sealed with the bungs supplied with the cabinet or with bungs specified by the cabinet manufacturer.
188.8.131.52 If ventilated for any reason the storage cabinet vent openings shall be ducted directly to outdoors in such a manner that will not compromise the specified performance of the cabinet and in a manner that is acceptable to the authority having jurisdiction.
The National Fire Code of Canada (NFC) 1995 Edition section 184.108.40.206 references storage Cabinets must conform to ULC-C1275.
1.1 These requirements cover storage cabinets for flammable liquid containers which are intended for the storage of flammable liquid and permitted by the relevant sections of the National Fire Code of Canada.
1.2 The cabinets are tested to determine their ability to withstand a standard fire exposure for a period of 10 minutes without developing an internal temperature rise in excess of 139°C above ambient.
Hazard Communication Standard
OSHA 29 CFR 1910.1200(g)(8):
The employer shall maintain in the workplace copies of the required material safety data sheets for each hazardous
chemical and shall ensure that they are readily accessible during each work shift to employees when they are in their
work area(s). (Electronic access microfiche and other alternatives to maintaining paper copies of the material safety data
sheets are permitted as long as no barriers to immediate employee access in each workplace are created by such options.)
OSHA 29 CFR 1910.106(a)(29):
Safety Can shall mean an approved container of not more than 5 gallons capacity having a spring-closing lid and spout cover and so designed that it will safely relieve internal pressure when subjected to fire exposure.
|Table H-12 -Maximum Allowable Size of Containers and Portable Tanks|
|Flammable Liquids ||Combustible Liquids |
|Container Type||Class IA||Class IB||Class IC||Class II||Class III|
|Glass or approved plastic||1 pt||1 qt||1 gal||1 gal||1 gal|
|Metal (other than DOT drums)||1 gal||5 gal||5 gal||5 gal||5 gal|
|Safety cans||2 gal||5 gal||5 gal||5 gal||5 gal|
|Metal drums (DOT specs)||60 gal||60 gal||60 gal||60 gal||60 gal|
|Approved portable tanks||660 gal||660 gal||660 gal||660 gal||660 gal|
|Note: Container exemptions: (a) Medicines beverages foodstuffs cosmetics and other common consumer items when packaged according to commonly accepted practices shall be exempt from the requirement of 29 CFR 1910.106(d)(2)(i) and (ii).|
California Air Resources Board (CARB) Title 13 of the California Code of Regulations:
2467.2 Performance Standards for Portable Fuel Containers and Spill-Proof Spout
(2) Automatically closes and seals when removed from the target fuel tank and remains completely closed when not dispensing fuel. 2467.3 Exemptions
(c) This Article does not apply to safety cans meeting the requirements of Chapter 17 Title 29 Subpart F of the Code of Federal Regulations.
DOT 49 CFR Parts 100 to 177:
All Justrite DOT Cans carry UN designation-1A1/Y1.2/100
OSHA 29 CFR 1910.106(e)(2)(ii): Incidental storage or use of flammable and combustible liquids:
Containers. Flammable or combustible liquids shall be stored in tanks or closed containers.
OSHA 29 CFR 1910.106(a)(9):
Closed container shall mean a container as herein defined so sealed by means of a lid or other device that neither liquid nor vapor will escape from it at ordinary temperatures.
OSHA 29 CFR 1910.106(e)(2)(iv)(a):
Flammable liquids shall be kept in covered containers when not actually in use.
*Portions of this publication content from the 2006 International Fire Code International Code Council Inc. Country Club Hills IL. Reproduced with permission. All rights reserved.
**Reprinted with permission from NFPA 12006 Uniform Fire Code Copyright 2008 National Fire Protection Association. This is not the complete and official position of the NFPA on the referenced subject which is represented only by the standard in its entirety.
***Reprinted with permission from NFPA 302008 Flammable and Combustible Liquids Code Copyright © 2008 National Fire Protection Association. This is not the complete and official position of the NFPA on the referenced subject which is represented only by the standard in its entirety.
****Reprinted with permission from NFPA 58 LP Gas Code 2008 Edition Copyright 2007 National Fire Protection Association Quincy MA 02269. This reprinted material is not the complete and official position of the National Fire Protection Association on the referenced subject which is represented only by the standard in its entirety.