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Understanding Common Lab Solvents

Understanding Common Lab Solvents

Posted by Mark L. Nelson, Ph.D on 18th Aug 2022

Solvents are a class of chemicals defined by their function. Solvents are used to dissolve, suspend or extract other materials without chemically changing the components.

There are more than 1000 solvent varieties used in research, spectroscopy, analytical chemistry and manufacturing industries. They come in Research, Technical, USP, HPLC, LCMS, ACS Reagent, ASTM Types 1-IV, NIST Traceable, and Spectral grades, as well as molecular biology grades and pre-made mixtures as DNAse-free solutions.

Common Laboratory Solvents

Water Halogenated Solvents Methanol Ethanol Propanols Butanols Benzene
Acetone Acetonitrile Hexanes Isopropyl Alcohol Dimethylformamide Phenol Poloxamer
BrijA Carbon Tetrachloride Chloroform Cyclohexane Cyclopentane DCM Dichloromethane Polyethylene Glycols
Polyvinyl Alcohols Pyridines Tergitols t-Butanol Ethers Diethyl ether Tetraethylene Glycols
Tetrahydrofurans Toluene

Download the Solvents Quick Reference List

Download the Solvents, Pre-made Solutions and Water Quick Reference List

Common NMR Deuterated Solvents

Acetic Acid-D Acetone-D6 Acetonitrile-D3 Benzene-D6 Chloroform-D Deuterium Oxide
Dichloromethane-d2 Dimethyl Sulfoxide-d6 Ethanol-D Methanol-D Methyl Sulfoxide-D6 N N-Dimethylformamide-D7
Nitrobenzene-D Octane-D18 Pyridine-D5 Tert-Butanol-d10 Tetrahydrofuran-D Toluene-D8
Trifluoroacetic Acid-D

Download the NMR Solvent Quick List